2 North Main Street

Architectural Description: 

NRMRA NRIND

Built in Second Empire style and "updated" in Colonial Revival style 1927

1927-28: altered and enlarged by Shepley, Bulfinch, Richardson & Abbot [$162,500] - Mansard roof removed, windows altered. Victorian roof line modified to Georgian design.

Historical Narrative: 

Themes: Architectural, community development, education, military

Town of Andover's first public or free town library.
Total cost of building and grounds $43,000, including, $200 - (J.F. Eaton, architect) and $29,750 - (Abbot & Jenkins Builders)

Abbot brothers, Herman, Joseph and Joshua
On the site of Memorial Hall Library was once two homes and business of Herman Abbott Jr. a cabinet maker who had his furniture business at this location. The property was acquired by the Boston & Maine Rail Road Company, who had purchased the former Andover and Wilmington Rail Road (1835-1848). The former rail line and the depot were directly behind the library until 1848 when the tracks were moved further west down Essex Street to the present location. The relocation was made to provide rail service to the new city of Lawrence then reconnecting to the Haverhill line.

The B & M Railroad owned most of the property from Essex Street to Amos Abbot’s house at the corner of Pearson Street. The company began divesting of unneeded property along Main Street, Essex and Pearson Streets and westward down the hill to the Shawsheen River.

On July 7, 1851 Joshua Abbott, brother of Herman Jr. purchased the corner five sided lot from the B & M Rail Road for $1135.80. The lot had two Federal style homes on the property with connecting out-buildings. The lot contained 1358 square feet of land. One exclusion within the deed was “The small house owned by Samuel G. Valpey on the above described land is not included in this sale.”

Nearly four years later Joshua sells half of his parcel #1, one undivided half part the property to Herman Abbott Jr. for $567.09. Joshua Abbott, now of Boston, sells his remaining half to Herman Abbott Jr. in Feb. of 1858 for $1500 subject to the mortgage of $1200 on the whole of the property. Herman Abbot Jr. had also purchased the Crystal Palace building on Pearson St., a former car building and repair shop of the railroad.

June 15, 1854 AA - Removal – Herman Abbott, Jr. has removed his furniture shop to the corner of Main & Essex St. opposite the P.O. Sept. 9th
Oct. 27, 1855 AA– Herman Abbott, Jr. Manufacturer and dealer in Cabinet Furniture – large ad. – Ware rooms opposite the Post Office.
March 20, 1858 AA- H. Abbott Jr. – Wholesale & Retail Dealer in Cabinet Furniture, chamber sets, pictures framed, furniture made to order, Repair & painted, coffins & robes made. Opposite the Post Office.
April 17, 1858 AA - WHITE WASHING – by Leonard Bean – order left at H. Abbott’s Furniture.
April 16, 1859 AA – Mrs. Springer – will give drawing & painting instruction to small classes for the present at their residences in Andover and vicinity. Her residence over Abbott’s Furniture Rooms, near the Post Office.
Joseph Abbott – Job Work at the Furniture Shop of Herman Abbot - 3/25/1859

Sept. 18, 1868 AA The Furniture ware rooms of Herman Abbott will be auctioned off on Saturday the 19th – household goods. [Essex & Main Street – Elm Square]

June 3, 1870 AA – Sunday morning May 29, 1870 a fire completely destroyed the entire block from the corner of Pearson Street south to Elm Square and the corner of Essex Street. “The fire was first discovered just before 2 o’clock, in a barn on North Main Street, owned by the heirs of the late Hon. Amos Abbott, and the flame soon communicated to an old house on the same premises, occupied by Michael McLaughlin, as a tenement, and by Charles Mayer, for a harness shop. Both buildings were entirely consumed, together with a cow and two swine, belonging to Mr. McLaughlin. His furniture and the stock and tools of Mr. Mayer, were saved. The paint shop next south of the above , owned by Eben P. Higgins, was soon enveloped with flames and destroyed with some stock and tools, a wagon left to be painted by George H. Chandler, a sleigh owned by John Findley, three pung sleighs and a lot of oats stored by Holt & Higgins…..

The livery stable of John Cornell, with hay, grain and three sleighs shared the same fate. Mr. Cornell saved all his horses, carriages and harnesses. The many friends of “Jerry” and “Jim”, two favorite horses were greatly relieved on learning that they were saved.
The fire next reached the wooden buildings of Herman Abbot, on the corner, and they with a portion of their contents, were entirely destroyed. The buildings were occupied by the owner for coffin and picture framing rooms, and by Joseph Abbott, as a residence, and for furniture ware rooms. The principal part of the furniture and other articles were saved, although a large number of coffins, caskets, and fixtures were lost.
The dwelling house of Mrs. Edward S. Merrill, on Essex Street, was almost wholly destroyed, the bare walls only remaining…..”

Herman Abbot's store was then located to the Crystal Palace building at 13 Pearson St., now parking for the Public Safety Building. His brother Joseph Abbot relocated his framing business to the Carter Block at 3 Main St.

Herman was in the process of building a new three story building on this cleared lot in 1870 when John Smith envisioned a public library on the site.

John Smith, a Scottish immigrant, was a founder & manager of Smith & Dove Co. which manufactured flax thread. His position on anti-slavery was uncompromising. He was a delegate of the Massachusetts Anti-Slavery Society and one of the leaders in the secession from West Parish Church to found The Free Christian Church, and he was active in the Underground Railway in Andover.

During a vacation in Scotland, he wrote his son, Joseph, July 2, 1870: "You mention in your last letter received here that there was nothing yet done with lots up town where the buildings were burned. I have thought the corner lot where Joseph Abbott shop stood, would be a fine place for a Memorial Hall to be built upon." He pledged $25,000, "that sum to be matched by other subscriptions, the land and building not to exceed $30,00, with $20,000 to be invested for the library's upkeep".

Aug. 1, 1870: John Dove and Peter Smith added $10,000 to the sum pledged by their partner, "provided the town will purchase the lot of land on the corner of Main and Essex Streets, owned by Herman Abbott, where the buildings were recently destroyed by fire."

Rev. John L. Taylor served as chairman of the building committee. George H. Torr was in charge of the ground plan. John Byers of New York gave $3,000 for books in memory of Peter Smith Byers, first principal of Punchard Free School. Samuel Raymond, treasurer of the committee, also served as superintendent of erection of building. Needing more funds, the committee remembered that in April,1866 following the Civil War, the town had voted to raise $4,500 for a soldiers' monument. Although the project had been shelved, those funds were now available for Memorial Hall, and appropriate for use.

Sept. 2, 1870 AA - Town is negotiating with Herman Abbott to purchase lot at Main & Essex Street- 11,675 square feet, price asked $3930. 3200 sq. feet will be cut off to straighten the street.

Sept 16, 1870 AA - Herman Abbott Jr. sells his lot to John Smith for $3000. Mr. Abbott had commenced laying the foundation of a building upon the premises, but relinquished the undertaking for the sake of securing the erection of the “Memorial Hall” as a great public improvement.

June 23, 1871 AA - Work on the foundation of Memorial Hall has not yet been commenced.

July 14, 1871 AA - Andover Advertiser – Article on Memorial Hall. Architect Mr. J. F. Eaton of Boston – good description of building.

Aug. 4, 1871 AA– Abbott & Jenkins have the contract to build Memorial Hall for about $30,000. The Architect is Mr. J. F. Eaton, formerly of Lawrence.

Aug. 11, 1871 AA– Frederick Frye of Lowell contracted by Abbott & Jenkins for the brick work on Memorial Hall. Frye has let out the stone work to W. H. Boardman of Lawrence.

Aug. 19, 1871 – The first stone is laid on Tuesday for the foundation of Memorial Hall.

September 15, 1871 AA – Corner stone to be laid soon at Memorial Hall – Tues. September 19th 4 pm.

Sept. 22, 1871 - Report on the entire contents placed within the corner stone of Memorial Hall.

December 15, 1871 – The brick walls of the Memorial Hall are completed and the carpenters are putting on the roof. A few days of comfortable weather will enable them to finish the outside of the building.

When it was evident, as building was underway, that more land would be required, John Smith pledged $5,000 more [April 19, 1871] and his partners gave $550 each to meet the purchase price of the land of John Cornell and the heirs of Edward Merrill. Other citizens also contributed generously and the Memorial Hall was opened May 1, 1873. Ballard Holt 2nd, served as first librarian and janitor

Feb. 21, 1873 – Memorial Hall is to be dedicated on Decoration Day, May 30th.

The second floor was kept as a Civil War Memorial Room and meeting hall. The town's loyal Union dead inscribed in marble and relics and records housed there.

According to state law, revenues from day licenses were applied to library needs. [catalog of Memorial Hall Library. 1874]

The library served the community well through 56 years before the need for additional space. In 1926 it was planned for an entire renovation of the building and a new wing on the north side. During this project the original Mansard roof of the Second Empire style building was removed and a Georgian Revival style was adopted. The architect firm was Shepley, Bulfinch, Richardson & Abbot of Boston
July 8, 1927 AT– Memorial Hall Library to reopen tonight 7-9 remodeled library cost $90,000.

In 1961 a modern rear wing was added as the children's room. The large glass windows filled the room with sunlight and created a cozy place for children to read.

In 1968 another expansion and interior renovation took place with the reading wing and study area on the south side facing Central & Essex St. The main room saw a change in location of the checkout desk and the upper balcony book stacks.

The current rear wing of the building was added in 1982 - 1983 and the original children's room razed to make way for the addition. The original balcony book stack loft on the west side of the main room was also removed. The "Memorial Hall" on the top floor was restored to its former beauty.

Bibliography/References: 

1) Catalogue of the Memorial Hall Library, Andover, Mass. 1874.
2) Brooks, Phillips. An Address Delivered May 30, 1873 at the Dedication of the Memorial Hall. Andover, 1873
3) (Carpenter, Charles C.] Historical Sketch of The Memorial Hall, Andover Mass. Lawrence: Merrill & Crocket, 1873.
4) Memorial Hall Library: Report of the celebration of the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Dedication. Sunday, May 27, 1923.
5) Memorial Hall Library Centenniel, 1873-1973, edited by Nancy Jacobson
6) Smith, John. Historical Sketch of Memorial Hall, Andover, Mass. Lawrence: Merrill & Crockeet. 1873
7) Smith, Mary Byers. "Founding of Memorial Hall Library Andover Mass". Essex Institute Historical Collection, 79. [1943] Salem. pp. 246-255
8) MSS documents, records at Memorial Hall Library
9) Lawrence American. Dec. 23, 1870

See 1980 National Register Nomination for updated information
Essex County Registry Deeds, Salem, MA
Essex Northern Registry Deeds, Lawrence, MA

Owners;
Boston & Maine Rail Road at rear lot
Joshua Abbott - July 7, 1851 - b. 455 lf. 283
Herman Abbot Jr. - Mar. 13, 1855 - b. 509 lf. 57 parcel #1
- Feb. 4, 1858 - b. 565 lf. 234 parcel #2
John Smith - Sept. 16, 1890 - b. 6. p. 482
Town of Andover - June 25, 1871 - b. 10 p. 143 – Lawrence Deeds

Inventory Data:

StreetNorth Main St
PlaceAndover Center
Historic DistrictIndividual National Register Listing
Historic NameMemorial Hall Library
Present UseLibrary
Original UseCivil War Memorial/public library
Construction Datecornerstone laid Sept. 19, 1871
SourceCatalogue of Memorial Hall Library, 1874
Architectural StyleColonial Revival
Architect/BuilderJ.F. Eaton/Abbot & Jenkins Builders
Foundationstone & granite
Wall/Trimbrick/granite
Roofslate
Major Alterations1927-28 - Colonial Revival alterations 1961 - Children's room added and enlarged, removed in 1982 1965- 66 Miriam Putman reading room addition, adjacent to Essex Street. 1982 - Rear addition and interior removation
Conditionexcellent
Acreageless than one acre
Settingcommercial business district
Map and parcel55-71
MHC NumberANV.959
Recorded byStack/Mofford, James Batchelder
OrganizationAndover Preservation Commission
Date enteredAugust, 1977, 4/2014

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