22 Haverhill Street

Architectural Description: 

Federal/Greek Revival

Historical Narrative: 

Themes: Architectural, Community development, Industry

This house was one of the Frye Village residences preserved by William Madison Wood when he developed the model Shawsheen Village for American Woolen Company employees in 1920's.

This home was once owned by the John Smith of the Smith & Dove Manufacturing Co. and was leased as a tenement for employees of the company. With the death of John Smith in 1886 the property was inherited by his children Joseph W. Smith and Helen G. Coburn. Helen later sold her share to he sister-in-law Fannie S. Smith wife of Joseph W. Smith. Fannie Smith sold the property and house to Walter A. Kaye on July 7, 1907. The Kay family held the property for nine years then sold to Henry P. Binney, Trustee of the American Woolen Co. on Mar. 25, 1916.

This home was saved and became part of the Shawsheen Village development 1918 – 1924 by William M. Wood, President of the American Woolen Company. At this time the Kaye house at #26 Haverhill St. sat high on a knoll east of York St. about 100' back from Haverhill St. It was moved to this site by Wood for the construction of Shawsheen Mills. Wood hired about eight different architects to design the homes and structures for the village. Newly designed entrances and updated interiors, seem to be the norm for all the former Frye Village homes preserved. Homes were sold or rented through the Homestead Association who had offices in the Post Office building on the corner of North Main & Poor Streets.

After the death of William M. Wood in Feb. 1926 most of the residential and commercial buildings were then sold. Some were held by the Wood family in the "Arden Trust" and others with the American Woolen Company, which had been deeded the property in December 1920. The A.W.Co. Board of Directors authorized its President, Lionel J. Noah, to deliver all deeds, as deemed necessary to the Textile Realty for sale on Dec. 29, 1931.

The Textile Realty then transferred ownership to the Andover Shawsheen Realty Company on June 30, 1932, holding the mortgage on the properties. T. Edwin Andrew, treasurer, was authorized to sell or rent the properties. With the Great Depression sales were sluggish and many homes were rented until the economy rebounded.

The first occupants of record to lease the home in 1926 were; Charles & Mary Frederickson, Charles was a chauffeur..
a son Charles Jr. was a student at the time. In #24 were Edward C. & Hannah R. Street. Edward work for the United Chemical in Lawrence.
In 1943 at #22 were Andrew & Mary G. MacLachlan. Andrew was a spinner at the American Woolen Co. His son Andrew Jr. and wife Marion F. are also listed with his parents. Andrew Jr. employed a Ford Motor CO. in Somerville, MA. In #24 was Emil and F. Ruth Grigger. Emil was an engineer at Remington Arms.

This house was sold to John F. & Ether P. Moriarty on July 15, 1947.

Bibliography/References: 

Essex County Registry Deeds, Salem, MA
Essex Northern Registry Deeds, Lawrence, MA
Andover Maps, 1852, 1872, 1888, 1906, 1926
Andover Street Directories
Mills, Mergers and Mansions, by Edward Roddy 1982
See Map plan #704 - American Woolen Company - Sept. 1927
#880 - June 1932 - Textile Realty Company - lot 15

Owners;
Henry P. Binney - Apr. 24, 1919 - b. 398 p. 52
American Woolen Company - Dec. 30, 1920 - b. 435 p. 215
Textile Realty Company - Dec. 30, 1931 - b. 563 p. 338
Andover Shawsheen Realty Co. - June. 30, 1932 - b. 565 p. 87 - (p. 94)
John F. & Ether P. Moriarty - July 15, 1947 - b. 699 p. 133
Joames A. & Kathleen M. O'Day - Apr. 23, 1965 - b. 1032 p. 98
David C. & Kristi L. Campion - Aug. 16, 1973 - b. 1225 p. 293
Ernest J. & Pierina M. Vachon - Aug. 15, 1975 - b. 1265 p. 398

Inventory Data:

StreetHaverhill St
PlaceShawsheen Village - Frye Village
Historic DistrictShawsheen Village NRH District
Historic NameWalter Kaye House
Present Useresidence - 3 family
Original Useresidence
Construction Dateearly 19th century
SourceERDS, ENRDL, AHS file, njs, style
Architectural StyleFederal
Foundationstone
Wall/Trimclapboard/wood/Vinyl siding (1971)
Roofasphalt - gable
Conditionexcellent
Moved?Yes
Acreage0.15863 acre; lot size: 6,910 sq. ft.; approx. frontage: 72'
Settingresidential/commerical
Map and parcel35-9
Recorded byStack/Mofford, James Batchelder
OrganizationAndover Preservation Commission
Date entered1975 - 1977, 7/6/2015

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