28 School Street

Historical Narrative: 

Original owner Abbot Academy.

In her report to the Trustees of Abbot Academy, 1915, Headmistress Bertha Bailey suggested a dignified entrance to the school grounds. It seemed appropriate to build this in memory of Martha Stockbridge Merrill, head of the French Department and a teacher at Abbot for nearly 30 years, 1878-1907. Miss Katherine Kelsey was a prime mover in the project. Requests were made to alumnae for funds and then, the project was stopped due to lack of materials and labor during World War I.

The famous firm of McKim, Meade and White of New York drew the plan. The architect first in charge was William C. Richardson, who thirty years before did Abbot 's Draper Hall. He was ill during the progress of the Merrill Memorial Gateway, but insisted on directing the building from his sickbed. The dignified gate has a central entrance for cars with two smaller ones for pedestrians. The masonry of four tall pillars are of Harvard brick, trimmed with Bedford limestone. The iron grillwork with the arch above surmounted with a lantern was by Krasser Iron Works.

Bibliography/References: 

Carpenter, Jane P. : Abbot and Miss Bailey and Abbot in the Early Days,
Abbot Academy, Boston: Thomas, Todd, 1959
Abbot Academy, Andover Mass, 1829-1929: One Hundred Years. Andover Press, 1929

Inventory Data:

StreetSchool St
PlaceAndover Center District
Historic DistrictAcademy Hill NRH District
Historic NameMerrill Memorial Gateway
Present Useentrance to Abbot Academy Campus
Original Usegateway to girls school
Construction Datecompleted 1921, dedicated June 1921
SourceAbbot Academy history
Architectural StyleOther
Architect/BuilderMcKim, Mead and White
Foundationconcrete
Wall/Trimbrick and wrought iron
Conditionexcellent, "dignified entrance"
Settingresidential/educational
Recorded byStack/Mofford, James S. Batchelder
OrganizationAndover Preservation Commission
Date entered1975-77, 12/26/15

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