67 Poor Street

Architectural Description: 

Early first period home

Historical Narrative: 

This homestead was once located on the site of 8 Kensington Street and faced south down to the intersection of Poor and Lowell Streets. This was home of Samuel Frye and contained about 28 acres of his farm. The 1850 Town Valuation schedule lists Samuel Frye - Dwelling house $800.,Barn & other Buildings $200., 21 aces adjoining $750, 4 acres Front of School house $200., 2 1/2 acre meadow $50 and Shoe shop $60. total assessment $2060. his personal estate of Farm Stock- $122.

Samuel C. Frye gave a mortgage loan on the one acre lot with buildings to Phoebe S. Frye in September 1886. The Andover Valuation of 1860 and 1870 list Phoebe Frye with 1 acre and dwelling house and shed. Phoebe Shattuck Frye was born Nov. 2, 1804 daughter of Enoch & Mary (Shattuck) Frye. Her father Enoch was born Aug. 29, 1776 and married on August 2, 1798 to Mary Shattuck b. Feb. 16, 1776. Mary died on Jan 30, 1844 and Enoch died Sept. 8, 1864. Both are interred at West Parish Cemetery.

Phoebe Frye died on Dec. 5, 1892 at age 88 at her brother Andrew's home in Merrimac, where she spent the winter months. Samuel H. Boutwell was appointed Trustee of her estate on Jan. 9, 1893 by the Probate Court. The Frye estate was sold at auction on Feb. 21, 1902.

Andover Townsman; Feb. 28, 1902 p.1 - At the auction sale of the Phoebe Frye estate in Frye Village, last Saturday afternoon, the property was purchased for $1625. by Joseph Thompson, of Lawrence. The estate, consisting of a dwelling house of ten rooms and an acre of land, is located on Poor Street.

Thompson must have purchased the property for Jean A. Birnie as the deed is placed in her name on Mar. 8, 1902.

The 1913 directory list Jean and her mother Mary at 73 Poor St. In 1916 the number has been changed to 69 Poor St.

Jean A. Birnie was b. Mar. 1870 in Andover, the daughter of David & Mary (Thompson) Birnie. Her father David was born in Dundee, Scotland Mar. 10, 1834 and immigrated to America in 1856. Birnie came directly to Andover. David worked for Smith & Dove Manufacturing Co. where he worked until about 1903. When he retire he was an overseer of the Bleachery department. David & Mary had four children; Sarah A. b. 1865, Jean A. b. 1870, John W. b. 1873 and Otis W. b. 1875. David, Mary and Jean all first lived in the old Frye home. The new house was built on the lot shortly after as the 1910 Valuation Schedule lists House, Poor St. $800, New House, Poor St. $1200. 1 acre $300. total tax valuation $2300. Prior to purchasing the Frye home they lived at 323 North Main St. in the house next to the Frye Village Hall. The parking lot area on the east side of No. Main near Balmoral St.

Jean Birnie attended the Richardson School in Frye Village and was graduated from Punchard High School in 1886. Jean then went to Hyannis Normal School. Annie taught at the North School on North St. at River Rd. 1888-1891, then Abbott Village-Indian Ridge School on Cuba St. 1891-1905 and then Richardson School on Lowell St. 1905-1909. Annie taught grades 3-6 most of her career.

David Birnie died on August 18,1907 and Mary Birnie on March 6, 1919. Both are interred at Christ Church Cemetery.

Jean Birnie owned and occupied the property for twenty years before selling to the American Woolen Company on Sept. 9, 1922. By this time construction of Shawsheen Village was well under way as much of the former Samuel Frye Farm had already been purchased through agents for the company. The Frye Farm was located at the intersection of Poor and Corbert St. which ended at the intersection of William & Poor.

Horace Wadsworth who had purchased most of the 35 acre farm sold to Frank G. Murch on Nov. 25, 1919. Murch then transferred the property over to the Homestead Association, Inc on Aug. 5, 1920. The Homestead Association's V.P. Mr. D. H. McLellan then turned the property over to the American Woolen Company on Aug. 26, 1922.

William M. Wood then had the Birnie house moved to this location. There were two houses on the property at that time, the old Frye house #67 which was razed and the Queen Anne home #69 which was moved. It is noted on the Shawsheen Village Map of 1922 as the "Old Birnie" house. Phoebe Frye acquired the homestead and one acre of land prior to 1860 as she is listed on the Valuation schedule for dwelling house, shed and one acre of land. Phoebe took a mortgage on the property on Sept. 29, 1886 and later paid it off.

Bibliography/References: 

Essex County Registry Deeds, Salem, MA
Essex Northern Registry Deeds, Lawrence, MA
Andover Maps, 1852, 1872, 1888, 1906, 1926
Andover Street Directories
See Map plan #704 - American Woolen Company - Sept. 1927
#879 - June 1932 - Textile Realty Company

Owners;
Samuel C. Frye - 30 acres of Samuel Frye Farm
Phoebe Frye - Sept. 29, 1886 - b. 88 p. 44 mtg
Phoebe Frye - b. 100 p. 187 discharged
Phoebe Frye estate, Samuel H. Boutwell, Trustee - Jan. 9, 1893 - Probate
Jean Birnie - Mar. 8, 1902 - b. 192 p. 493
American Woolen Company - b. Sept. 9, 1922 - b. 463 p. 427
Arthur G. Griffin - Dec. 3, 1926 - b. 528 p. 464 - 8 Kensington St.
Mary V. Griffin - Apr. 29, 1932 - b. 564 p. 342
Marion M. Dean - Apr. 29, 1932 - b. 564 p. 342
Marion M. Dean - May 14, 1937 - b. 607 p. 78
Margaret G. Hurley - Dec. 13, 1944 - b. 670 p. 1
James L. & Marion M. Dean - Dec. 13, 1944 - b. 670 p. 2
Anna G. Coleman - May 16, 1959 - b. 890 p. 78
Bernard J. & Mary R. Tay - Dec. 12, 1963 - b. 1000 p. 152
Wendy Callery - June 14, 1991 - b. 3269 p. 102
Mark F. Ranalli - Feb. 21, 1997 - b. 4701 p. 305
Mark F. & Amy Ranalli - Nov. 14, 2002 - b. 7275 p. 154
Branislav Cenanovic - Aug. 9, 2013 - b. 13592 p. 1

Inventory Data:

StreetPoor St
PlaceShawsheen Village - Frye Village
Historic NamePhoebe Frye House
Present Useresidence
Original Useresidence, farmhouse
Construction Date1710 - 1720
SourceERDS, ENRDL
Architectural StyleFirst Period
Foundationstone & granite
Wall/Trimclapboard/wood
Roofgable - asphalt
ConditionRazed 1922
Demolition DetailsRazed in 1922 for construction of Winsor St. and Shawsheen Village
Acreage1 acre
Settingresidential
Map and parcel52-51
Recorded byJames S. Batchelder
OrganizationAndover Preservation Commission
Date enteredJune 26, 2015

Map: