70 Elm Street

Architectural Description: 

NRIND NRMRA
Andover vestibule with blind arch above side windows, basement; earth floor, altered 1790's - 2 vestibules, 20th century change

Historical Narrative: 

Themes - Architectural, Community Development and Transportation.

Land of Deacon William Lovejoy - Capt. William Lovejoy
Although no records are available to show exactly when the house was built, we know Issac Abbot had this house large enough to convert into his inn, 1776. The house was probably built c.a. 1680 (says Goldsmith), on land of Deacon William Lovejoy, whose granddaughter, Phebe Lovejoy Chandler was married to Issac Abbot.
Architect LeBoutillier dates the house 1740, stylistically.

Issac Abbot was a school master in 1728, after graduation from Harvard, he served as 2nd Lieutenant in Capt. Benjamin Ames' Company. Col. Frye's regiment and was wounded at Bunker Hill. Isaac was also a storekeeper. In 1776 Abbot petitioned General Court "to keep a house of General Entertainment;" complaining of "extraordinary travel which is rendered necessary by means of the Army before Boston", as his house is, "near the old stage road. The house near having been closed, I have been subjected to no small inconvenience for the application of passengers for refreshment."

So Issac Abbot became innkeeper and "The Abbot Tavern" found its place in history and local legend when George Washington stopped Nov. 5, 1789. Daughter Priscilla Abbot got a kiss on the cheek for mending the First President's riding glove. In 1795, The Issac Abbot Tavern became Andover's first post office. The innkeeper served as postmaster, 1795-1825. After 1788 he was also Selectman, Town Clerk and Clerk of Markets. He was a Deacon at South Church 1794-1825. I

In 1795, Issac Abbot Jr. sold for $2850., the 25 acre homestead lot and Inn, a 3 1/2 acre lot, 14 acre pasture and 15 acre woodland parcel to Jonathan Patten Hall of Boston, a Druggist. The deeds came with two mortgages held by Samuel Abbot, Esquire. The first from from Issac Abbott and son Issac Abbot Jr. for 158 pounds on Dec. 29, 1783, and the 2nd from Isaac Jr. for 230 pounds given on Feb. 13, 1793. 44 lbs had been paid of the the first loan and 30 lbs on the second loan.

Jonathan Patten Hall, wife Abigail, deeded property on Dec. 11, 1799 to John Cornish, "tailor" of Boston. It would be John Cornish who paid off the Abbot loans to Samuel Abbot on May 16, 1801. John Cornish died and in his Will he deeded a live estate to his wife Zeviah. Zeviah Cornish re-married to Theophilus Bacheller, a cabinet maker from Lynn. She would quit claim her life estate when John Cornish's estate was settled in 1818. William Batchelder & Lucius Bolles the Cornish Trustees sold the property to Nathaniel West, a Salem Merchant for $3500 on Jan. 21, 1818. In April 1818 Nathaniel West leased the property to his brother Edward West, which included a live estate. Capt. Edward West from Salem resided here for 30 years.

On November 10, 1848, Nathaniel West sold the property to his son-in-law, Amos Abbot who owned for thirteen years. Amos sold the property to Samuel B. Locke of Charlestown, MA for $7000. on Nov. 1, 1861. Land he bought from Abbot stretched from Elm St. to Walnut Ave. and included Wolcott and Carmel Roads. Lockway Road is named for Squire Locke. Samuel took two mortgages out, one from the Andover Savings Bank for $2000. and a second for $6000. from William M. Hall. Sadly Samuel Locke was over extended and was declared bankrupt in 1871. Alex Dearborn of Boston was assignee of the Locke estate. He sold the property containing the 25 acre homestaed lot and the small 2 1/2 acre parcel at auction for $800. to Charles O. Cummings on Nov. 16, 1871.

Cumming held the property for five years then sold the property back to the Locke family. Anne H. Locke, wife of Samuel B, purchased the homestead on April 12, 1876 for $2000. The hostead property was placed into a Trust in 1909 with several family members acting as trustees through the years. Since 1941, it has been the residence of Locke's great-grand daughter, Eleanor Castle (Mr. and Mrs. Ernest Young)who purchased the property on Oct. 5, 1945. Ernest died on June 12, 1985 and Eleanor Castle Young later sold to George H. & Patricia Hope Edmonds on Jan. 25, 1989. The Edmonds family built a new garage to the east of the house. The owned until Mar. 21, 2002 when the property was sold to Joseph J. & Ann Marie Nunes. In 2014 the Nunes family renovated the rear shed into a family room and updated the kitchen. They received a Preservation Award in May 2015 for the sensitive rehabilitation of the historic home. Mark Ratte was the contractor on the renovation.

The building has been altered some over the years, but retains its unusual paneling in the dining room, broad floor boards and overhead beams, which testify to its early age construction. The great central chimney of its Colonial past was torn out to make room for bathrooms on each floor. Its past history as a tavern is evident in chambers on the West side with their paneled partitions held in place by brass bolts which can be removed to make a long ballroom. The tap-room was back of the east parlor. The vestibules on the west and southern exterior are later additions, the small, highly arched windows typical of a local craftsman, who probably executed the arches at the Jonathan Swift House (23 Central St. ) and the Rose Cottage, around 1795. Priscilla Abbot married Squire John Kneeland just before she turned 50, and such family connections between the houses would logically lead them to choosing the Andover craftsman to ornament their dwellings.

1994 presented certificate of appreciation at Annual Preservation Awards - George & Pat Edmonds
2014 Preservation Award for Adaptive Reuse - Joseph J. & Ann Marie Nunes

Bibliography/References: 

Essex County Registry Deeds, Salem, MA
Essex Northern Registry Deeds, Lawrence, MA
Bailey, Sarah Loring. Historical Sketches of Andover, Mass. , Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1880, p. 401,405.
Downs, Annie S. , "Washington's Kiss" - Congregationalist, Feb. 21, 1895
Fuess, Claude M. , Andover:Symbol of New England, 1959, p. 200-201
Goldsmith, Bessie . "Locke Residence, Formerly Abbot Tavern", Fair and Warner, Oct. 1926
Townsman's Andover. Andover Historical Society 1964
LeBoutillier, Addison. Early Wooden Architecture in Andover, Mass., 1917.
Goldsmith, Bessie. Historical Houses in Andover, Mass. 1946.
Taylor, Rev. John L. Memoir of Judge Samuel Phillips, 1856, pp. 175-79.
Washington, George. Diary, October, 1789 - March 1790.
Samuel Abbot Esquire - Dec. 29, 1783 - b. 156 p. 145 - 158 pd. mtg loan
Samuel Abbot Esquire - Feb. 13,1793 - 230 pounds mtg. loan
Samuel Abbot Esquire - May 11, 1801 - discharged to John Cornish
Map 1556

Owners:
Deacon Capt. William Lovejoy
Isaac Abbot, Henry Abbot Jr., Timothy Abbot by will Probate
Isaac Abbot Jr. - Apr. 1, 1784 - b. 142 leaf 119 -
Isaac Abbot, Trader, wife Phebe
Jonathan Patten Hall - Nov. 24, 1795 - b. 160 leafs114 & 115
John Cornish, wife Zeviah - Dec. 11, 1799 - b. 165 leafs 183 & 184
John Cornish estate, Wm. Batchelder, Lucius Bolles, Trustees -
Zeviah Cornish Bacheller, wife of Theophilus - quit claim on live estate - Mar. 31, 1818
Nathaniel West - Jan. 21, 1818 - b. 217 leafs 75 & 76
Nathaniel West, to brother Edward West live tenancy lease Apr. 1, 1818
Amos Abbot - Nov. 19, 1848 - b. 403 leaf 292
Samuel B. Locke - Nov. 1, 1861 - b. 629 leaf 251
Samuel B. Locke bankruptcy - Alex Dearborn Assignee
Charles O. Cummings - Nov. 16, 1871 - b. 12 p. 282
Anne H. Locke, wife of Samuel B. - Apr. 12, 1876 - b. 40 p. 37
Florence M. Locke , Trustee - June 2, 1909 - b. 274 p. 489
Abby L. Thomson to Florence M. Locke trustee - Mar. 11, 1927 - b. 531 p.1
Abby Locke Thomson Tr. - Jan. 15, 1934 - b. 591 p. 185
Marion L. Morrison to Phillip W. Thomson Tr. - Jan 20, 1934 - b. 591 p. 186
Jan 20, 1934 - b. 591 p. 186
b. 626 p. 188
Eleanor T. Castle Trustee - Feb. 20, 1945 - b. 672 p. 28
Marion L. Morrison to Phillip W. Thomson Tr. - Feb. 20, 1945 - b. 672 p. 30
Ernest S. & Eleanor Castle Young - Oct. 5, 1945 - b. 677 p. 312
Ernest S. Young estate, Eleanor Castle Young - June 12, 1985
George H. & Patricia Hope Edwards - Jan. 25, 1989 - b. 2882 p. 302
Joseph J. & Ann Marie Nunes - Mar. 21, 2002 - b. 6734 p. 78

Inventory Data:

StreetElm St
PlaceAndover Center
Historic DistrictIndividual National Register Listing
Historic NameAbbot Tavern; Deacon Isaac Abbot's Tavern
Present Useresidence
Original Useresidence, post office 1795, tavern-inn 1776-95
Construction Date1680-1776 (ca. 1740 acc. To LeBoutillier)
SourceECRDS, ENRDL, style-njs
Architectural StyleFederal
Wall/Trimclapboards
Outbuildings / Secondary StructuresFed. Stable at rear
Acreageless than one acre; 20,580 sq ft.; approximate frontage 133 ft.
Map and parcel38-221
MHC NumberANV.181
Recorded byStack/Mofford, James S. Batchelder
OrganizationAndover Preservation Commission
Date enteredAugust 1977, Feb. 7, 2016

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