Gambrel roof, dormer, wood clapboards on first floor and cedar shingle on the second floor. Mirror image porches and interior floor plan.
Cottage look of shingle style of that period.
Brechin Terrace was developed by the Smith & Dove Manufacturing Co. when Peter Dove Smith was the President of the company and John Smith’s grandson George F. Smith was the manager. Plans were announced in the summer of 1907 that the company was to expand its warehouse. The plans also included tenement housing and a large boarding house to be erected in the future on the Cogswell estate at 29 Shawsheen Road.
July 12, 1907 AT A Mill And Its People ….. the Smith & Dove Mfg. Co. are building a most attractive mill village over on what has long been known as the “Cogswell estate”.
In the rearrangement of old houses and the construction of new houses, about thirty tenements are to be provided in this new layout. The land upon which these new buildings are being constructed is rich in all that has made the rare history of old Andover. The old ancestral Cogswell house stands as a sentinel at the brow of the hill, and the field in which the new houses are to be built awakens many suggestions of the broad acres that so often marked the old-time New England H=homestead. The new development in this field includes a roadway stretching from the main highway a distance of 400 feet to the north, having in its center a greensward to be made a landscape feature of the attractive court that will furnish an entrance to the thirteen new double houses. The houses are located on either side of the court and are modern houses, providing tenements of six rooms and a bath in each. The architecture of the houses is so designed that they shall be restful to the artistic eye, while sufficiently simple in their construction as to be economical in the matter of repairs and maintenance. The lay of the land is such that perfect sanitary conditions will be provided, and nothing is to be spared in the entire construction to make of them most desirable homes which the rental in reach of the most modest income.
One can hardly appreciate the beauty of the surroundings of these new houses. The Shawsheen at its most attractive part centres in the valley below and a clear and unobstructed view is had across the valley, of the town to the east. …… The Smith & Dove Co., and somewhat of the individual force that is carring it out,, it is a pleasure to here recognize the success and the ability and foresight that is so marked in it in the person of its active manager, Mr. George F. Smith. …..
Nov. 29, 1907 AT p5 – “From An Andover Window – Lights are twinkling from the new houses on Cogswll’s Hill. Thanksgiving dinners were eaten yesterday for the first time on the Commonwealth Avenue of the Abbott Village. As I trudged up the hill in the gloaming, on my way out to West Parish, I halted at the new street and pleased myself with the appetizing odors of the recent festal meals. With the cheerful lights, with the nice houses. The walk up Cogswell’s Hill is longer than it used to be; for the new street and the big boarding- house have ruined one of the prettiest of Andover views, down to the Shawsheen valley to Marland Village. But what must be, must be; and this is one of the “must bes.” And since it was so, let us be thankful for what remains. Very hearty thanks, more over, are due Mr. George Smith for the skill and taste and enlightened ideas which he has shown in the building of these cottages. It is still possible to build factory houses so cheap and so hideous that the little converted farmhouses of the older parts of Abbott Village and the tiny abodes of Marland Village are architectural gens in comparison. Contrasted with any of these, the cottages of the new street are a delight both to the housekeeper and to the spectator. Among the special town blessings of the year, I would give high place to the public spirit of the Smith & Dove Company, when Commonwealth Avenue was designed.”
Jan. 6, 1911 At – Ian McDougall - McDougall’s Musings – Taking Stock – Perhaps after all is said, it may be that the greatest improvement has been brought about by the building of the nice workingman’s houses by the good firm here – Red Spring road houses, the Essex street tenements and then to crown all, the fine Brechin Terrace cottages, good enough for President Taft or any man or woman to live in. ….. I wish now to get a name for what as I am told, they now call the fine houses at the bridge on Essex Street, and instead of “new tenements,” I wish them called “Brothock Cresent.” Brechin Terrace is right, as it puts one in mind of the Scotchman who was the founder of the company….
The Cottages were rented to operatives and families of the Smith & Dove Mill but also to families employed in the Marland and Tyer Rubber Companies too. In the 1908 Andover resident directory residents occupied 1-3, 5-7, 13 and 25 and on the north were 2-4, 6-8, 10 and 24-26. This suggests that as the apartments were completed residents moved in.
The houses were built to look like single family homes but are actually two family townhouses side by side mirror image floor plan layout. The gambrel roofs contain the second floor bedrooms and bath with an additional room for each unit in the attic space, one facing the front and the other unit having the rear view. Thirteen houses were constructed on what was first called Commonwealth Ave. and then changed to Brechin Terrace for the birthplace in Scotland of both John & Peter Smith. The broad avenue had a small island strip down middle with shade trees planted in a long row. Additional trees were planted in front of each house. In time the island was removed.
Smith & Dove recognized the need for operative housing and slowly acquired several homes in the immediate area. They built quality housing for their working force at 62-84 Essex St. and the double homes on Brechin Terrace. Every home on Baker Lane was once owned by Smith & Dove.
The company reorganized in 1864 and again in 1912 bringing all their properties together into one deed.
The company supplied their workers with a Village Hall (#79 Essex St.) for community gatherings, and built “Hillside” on Shawsheen Rd. for single women workers; provided childcare service, bowling alley, laundry and large dining room used for meetings and parities. S & D Co. also bought the old Cricket Field for the company soccer, football and baseball teams and sponsored many field day outings for their employees.
In 1927 the Smith & Dove Co. was sold to the Ludlow Co. All their housing real estate was placed in the Smith & Dove Tenements, Inc. that year, later changing the name to Andover Homes, Inc. The houses were then sold off into private hands. The company operations were moved to Ludlow, MA and the mill closed in 1928.
This house was the second to be sold off on Brechin Terrace. Julia, Bertha and May Henry purchased the house on May 26, 1927 from the Smith & Dove Tenements, Inc. With the mill closing in 1928 and the stock market crash of 1929 followed by the Great Depression it was a difficult task to make ends meet and many residents fell into foreclosure to the banks. The Henry women lost their home to the Atlantic Cooperative Bank which foreclosed on June 12, 1931.
Robert Campbell Jr. then purchased the house on July 13, 1931 taking a mortgage of $3800 with the Atlantic Coop Bank and again the bank had to foreclose on Oct. 1938. There months later another Campbell family member purchased the house, John & Martha J. Campbell on Jan 3, 1939. The house continues to remain with the Campbell family in 2014.
Essex County Registry Deeds, Salem, MA
Essex Northern Registry Deeds, Lawrence, MA
Andover Street Directories – 1908, 1913, 1930
Smith & Dove Manufacturing Co., Geo. F. Smith, Pres. - Feb. 1, 1927 - b. 529 p. 587
Smith & Dove Manufacturing Co. deed changes in 1864 and 1912
Smith & Dove Tenements, Inc. Geo. Endicott, Pres., - Feb. 21, 1927 - b. 529 p. 583
Julia Henry, Bertha Henry & May Henry – May 26, 1927 – b. 535 p. 512-513
Atlantic Cooperative Bank – June 12, 1931 – b. 559 p. 381
Robert Campbell Jr. – July 13, 1931 – b. 559 p. 560
Atlantic Cooperative Bank – Oct. 13, 1938 – b. 618 p. 127
John & Martha Campbell – Jan. 3, 1939 – b. 620 p. 100
Martha Campbell , heir,
Martha Campbell estate; heirs; Alexander J., Joyce A. Scuderi, Bruce A., John Marjorie T. Pasho, and Robert J. Campbell. Probate #304143
Robert J. and Frances B. Campbell – July 28, 19712 – b. 1199 p. 499
Francis B. Campbell – Dec. 1992 – by will of Robert J. died Dec. 3, 1992
Francis B. Campbell and Robert J. Campbell Jr. – May 22, 1999 – b. 5438 p. 283
Francis L. Campbell Life Estate, Robert J. & Alice M. Campbell, Trs. – July 20, 1999 – b. 5500 p. 230
|Historic District||Andover Village Industrial NRH District|
|Historic Name||Smith and Dove Co. Housing|
|Present Use||residences - 2 family|
|Original Use||residence - mill housing|
|Architect/Builder||John Aston/E. W. Pitman builders|
|Major Alterations||Vinyl siding of original wood and shingle siding|
|Map and parcel||54-41|
|Recorded by||Stack/Mofford, James Batchelder|
|Organization||Andover Preservation Commission|
|Date entered||1975-77, 6/2014|