1 Judson Road

Architectural Description: 

Greek and Gothic Revival elements

Historical Narrative: 

Themes: Architectural, community development.
Present owner Trustees of Phillips Academy

Street named for Adoniram Judson, pioneer missionary trained at Andover Theological Seminary who was sent to India by American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. Judson was later sent to Burma as representative of American Baptists. Road opened in the 1920s when the Leonard Wood house was moved from Bartlet Street in 1920's (Bessie Goldsmith). Bessie claims that Wood and the brick Brewster House were the only houses on street until early 1950's.

This home was built on the northeast corner lot of the present Cochran Chapel at Phillips Academy. The house faced Bartlet St. and was located at the corner of Wheeler St. In 1900 this property was numbered #79 Bartlet and the Eaton - French house on the opposite corner was #77. When Bartlet St. was renumbered Eaton - French House was given the number 79 Bartlet.

This home carries the name Leonard Woods House after the Reverend Leonard A. Woods who was "inaugurated as Abbot Professor of Christian Theology at Andover in 1808" of the Andover Theological Seminary. Leonard A. Woods was b. on June 19, 1774 in Princeton, MA, son of Samuel & Abigail Whitney (Underwood) Woods. Leonard graduated from Harvard Divinity College in 1796 and was ordained in West Newbury, MA in 1798. He married in October 1799 to Abigail Wheeler b. Feb. 29, 1776 at Harvard, MA, daughter of Joseph & Mary (Greenleaf) Wheeler.

Leonard & Abigail had ten children; Samuel b. Oct. 26, 1800 d. 1884, Joseph Wheeler b. July 30, 1802 - d. Nov. 8,1827, Mary Greenleaf b. Oct. 3, 1804 - , Leonard b. 1807 - d. 1878, Daniel Bates b. 1809 - d. 1892, Abigail B. b. 1811- d. 1883, Margarette b. 1823 - d. 1898, Harriette Newell b. 1815 - d. 1893, Sarah Abbott b. 1817 - d. 1836 and Sophia Walker b. 1819 - d. 1892.

Leonard Woods resigned his teaching post in 1845 after 38 years. The following year his beloved wife Abigail Woods died on Feb. 20, 1846. She was interred in the Chapel Cemetery on the campus the Andover Theological Seminary, now Phillips Academy Chapel Cemetery. Leonard would later re-marry on Nov. 5, 1846 in Hartford, CT to Lucia J. (Jones) Ives, the widow of Dr. Ansel G. Ives of NY.
Dr. Ives died on Feb. 5, 1838 in NYC. Ansel & Lucia Ives had two sons Edward and Leonard W. Ives.

Leonard Woods died on August 25, 1854 in Andover and was interred with his wife. Woods headstone was erected by his students in his memory and contains a profile portrait of the Professor.

The Woods home was sited behind the former Headmasters house "Samaritan House" at 2 Chapel Ave. now the site of Cochran Chapel.

The former corner lot was sold by the Trustees of Phillips Academy on Nov. 4, 1856 to Hannah H. W. Parker, daughter-in-law of Leonard & Abigail Woods. (b. 541 leaf 167 Salem deeds) Hannah O. Holkins (or Harkins) was born about 1805 in CT. and married Joseph Wheeler Woods on Dec. 17, 1824, son of Rev. Leonard and Abigail Woods. Dr. Woods married the couple.

Joseph & Hannah Woods would have two children; Elizabeth Abby Woods b. March 13, 1825 and a son Joseph Wheeler Wood Jr. b. Nov. 11, 1827 both in Ashburnham, MA. Sadly Joseph Sr. had died three days prior to his son's birth on Nov. 8, 1847. He is interred in the Woods lot at the Chapel Cemetery. Hannah then re-married to George G. Parker Esquire of Ashburnham. Hannah and George had two children; George H. Parker b. 1838 and Harriet T. Parker b. Apr. 11, 1844. Joseph W. Woods Jr., died on Aug. 1, 1844 at age 16 and was interred next to his father. George G. Parker died of consumption in 1852 in Ashburnham.

In the 1855 Mass. State census Hannah H. W. Parker has moved to Andover and appears to be living on Main St. Harriet is now age 50 and is running a boarding house. Children Elizabeth Abby Woods age 30, and George H. Parker age 16 and Harriet T. Parker age 11 are with their mother. Hannah has one domestic living in the home where she is boarding 15 male students of the Academy. They move to Bartlet St. in 1856.

Son George H. enlisted in the Army during the Civil War, married when he returned on on Oct. 8, 1868 in Fitchburg, MA to Elizabeth S. Mahon b. in Ipswich, MA daughter of Thomas & Mary W. Mahon. George H. Parker became a druggist in Andover.

Harriet T. Parker married on June 13 1865 to Rev. Asher H. Wilcox b. Norwich, CT. son of William B. & Mary H. Wilcox. They lived in Marblehead, MA. Harriet H. W. Parker died in 1881 and her estate went to her children.

George H. Parker's wife Elizabeth S. died in June 1885 and George died in 1902 of tongue and throat cancer. Elizabeth A. Woods never married and sold her share of the property to her half sister Harriet P. Wilcox on Apr. 11, 1904. The house was then acquired by the Trustees of Phillips Academy by 1908.

With the re-design of the Academy campus in the 1920's the site of Samaritan House and Woods - Parker House was chosen for the new chapel building. Samaritan House was moved to 6 School St. and Woods - Parker house to 1 Judson Rd.

Robert E. Maynard- listed at 1 Judson Road in 1977

Bibliography/References: 

Goldsmith, Bessie; Andover Townsman, 1946
Ancestry.com - Wheeler Genealogy - Woods Genealogy

Owners; Bartlet St - Wheeler Ave. site
Trustees of Phillips Academy
Leonard A. & Abigail Woods -
Trustees of Phillips Academy - 1856
Hannah H. W. Parker - Nov. 4, 1856 - b. 541 leaf 167 - Salem deeds.
Hannah H. W. Parker, estate, heirs; Elizabeth A. Woods, George H. Parker, Harriet T. (Parker) Wilcox
Elizabeth A. Parker & Harriet T. Wilcox - 1902
Harriet P. Wilcox - April 11, 1904 - b. 210 p. 55
Trustees of Phillips Academy - 1908 - present

Inventory Data:

StreetJudson Rd
PlacePhillips District
Historic DistrictNot Applicable
Historic NameLeonard Woods House
Present Useresidence
Original Useresidence
Construction Date1860's
SourceERDS, ENRDL, AHS file, njs, style
Architectural StyleGreek Revival
Foundationstone & granite
Wall/Trimclapboards/wood
Roofasphalt - gable
Conditionexcellent
Moved?Yes
Move DetailsMoved abt 1927 from Bartlet St. for construction of Cochran Chapel
Acreageo.732 acre
Settingresidential
Map and parcel40-97
MHC NumberANV.279
Recorded byStack/Mofford, James Batchelder
OrganizationAndover Preservation Commission
Date entered1975-77, 02/11/2006, 4/17/2015

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