15 - 17 Shawsheen Rd

Architectural Description: 

The "Hillside" embraced the Shingle Style with the patterned use of decorative shingle application, porches, and ocular windows.

Historical Narrative: 

The Hillside House was built by the Smith & Dove Manufacturing Co. in Abbott Village as a modern boarding house for women operatives working in the S & D Mill now called Dundee Park. The building was designed and built in 1907 with a wonderful view of the Shawsheen River below.
Aug. 9, 1907 AT - "S & D Co. are adding to their equipment of houses by a further contract for the construction of a large boarding house which will be built by Hardy & Cole on the village side of the Cogswell estate. Altogether it will accommodate from sixty & seventy boarders and apparently provides the last necessary in new equipment for the progressive manufactory."
Hillside was not completely finished until 1912. Use was made however, by the workers of the S & D Mills, of the bowling alleys in the basement for bowling league competitions and the large dinning room for meetings and holiday functions.
The boarding house finally opened in Dec. 1912.
Dec. 6, 1912 Andover Townsman - Opening of Hillside
Plans are being made for the opening in about two weeks of the “Hillside”, a model, up-to-date boarding house, built in Abbott Village in 1907 by the Smith & Dove Company for the use of the women operatives.
The house of very pleasantly situated, and is provided with forty bedrooms, some of which are to be fitted up for single occupancy and some for double; reading and sewing rooms, sitting rooms, lavatories, shower bath, bowling alleys, pool and billiard tables, and everything that can in any way contribute to the operatives comfort. The dining room overlooks the Shawsheen River; the house is heated by the Smith & Dove plant, and electric lighted.

The prices which will be charged are as follows:
For two in a room $3.50; one in a room $4.00
For outsiders, two in a room, $4.00; one in a room, $4.50.
For meals only by the week, $3.50. Single meals, breakfast 15 cents, dinner 20 cents, supper 20 cents.

Dec. 27, 1912 AT pg. 5 - Hillside – A New Abbott Village Institution – full page article with 11 photos of interior rooms.
Feb. 28, 1913 AT pg. 1 - Hillside article
Nov. 19, 1915 AT pg. 1 - “Hillside” completely furnished by Buchan & Francis – short description of rooms

After the Smith and Dove Co. was bought out by the Ludlow Manufacturing Co. and was moved to Ludow, MA in 1928 the former holdings of S&D Co. were sold off to private owners.

The Hillside closed in 1927 and was sold in 1930 and soon after razed. For many years all that remained was the open foundation and the large front stairway leading to the empty cellar hole below. Only an open handrail fence prevented the pedestrian from falling into the abyss.

After the new high school opened on Shawsheen Rd. in 1958 the town removed the front steps, pushed over the remaining foundation into the hole and fenced in the street side to to protect the students from falling in. The outline of the cellar can still be seen today. The property is now owned by AVIS as protected conservation land.

Bibliography/References: 

Northern Essex Registry of Deeds. Lawrence, MA
Andover Townsman, 1912 and 1915
Andover Historical Vertical files.

Inventory Data:

StreetShawsheen Rd
PlaceAbbott Village
Historic DistrictAndover Village Industrial NRH District
Historic Name"Hillside" House
Present UseAVIS Reservation
Original UseBoarding House for women
Construction Date1912
SourceAndover Hisorical Soc. files.
Architectural StyleShingle
Architect/BuilderSmith & Dove Manf. Co.
Foundationstone & granite
Wall/Trimclapboard/shingle
Roofcedar shingle
Major AlterationsRazed in 1930's
Conditionrazed
Moved?Yes
Demolished?Yes
Demolition Details1930's
Settingresidential
Map and parcel54-43
Recorded byJames S. Batchelder
OrganizationAndover Preservation Commission
Date entered2/2014

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