170 - 172 North Main Street

Architectural Description: 

Two family Duplex

Historical Narrative: 

These four duplex apartment houses were built by the M. T. Stevens & Co. about 1916 on the former north lawn of the Nathan Frye estate. The property was once owned by Abraham Marland from 1828-1849 and after his death Nathan Frye succeeded Marland as the company president from 1849 - 1879.

Abraham Marland established a cotton mill in 1807 on the Shawsheen River at Abbott Village, which continued until 1811 when he began production of woolen goods. In 1821 “Marland leased from Peter C. Brooks of Boston a mill privilege on the Shawsheen, together with new buildings erected on the site of what had been a powder mill. This is now known as Marland Village. The buildings, which were leased for a term of twenty years, comprised a brick mill, the oldest of the present buildings at Atria Marland Place, and a row of brick tenement houses.” Abraham Marland built his homestead estate at 29-33 Shawsheen Rd.

In 1828 Marland bought the entire property which included the mill privilege, old paper and grist mills, and thirty acres of Land. In 1834 the business was organized under the name Marland Manufacturing Company. Abraham Marland was the president until his death on Feb. 20, 1849.

Nathan Frye was born in Andover and at age 14 entered the employment of Marland Manufacturing Co. He worked his way up to Superintendent of the mill and was elected president in 1849. The company sold Nathan ten acres land on the hill overlooking the mill pond and factory on December 31, 1852. The lot went from the Shawsheen River and mill pond, along Stevens St. to North Main St. and south to Railroad Street including the site of the Andover Commons, (former Tyer Rubber Co.) to the Free Church land and back along the ridge behind Bakers Lane and back down to the river. Nathan may have built the house (#166 No. Main St.) on the property prior to owning the land as his house and buildings are assessed 1850 at $4000. Through the years his entire family lived with them in the mansion house.

Nathan Frye married on Apr. 4, 1833 to Amanda Gleason, born Oct. 14, 1807, dau. of Jonathan & Sarah Gleason. They had two sons, Charles Horatio b. June 25, 1835 and William b. Feb. 12, 1840. Nathan built the house 1852-1853 and continued as president “for nearly thirty years, maintaining a name for probity and energy.”

The company defaulted on an 1873 loan from the Andover Savings Bank and the mill was sold at auction to Moses T. Stevens of North Andover in 1879. Sarah Loring Bailey notes, “In the recent financial crisis of the country, this manufacturing company became embarrassed, and, in July 1879, the mills, machinery, and all the property were sold to Mr. Moses T Stevens,”

Stevens began improvements at the Marland mill and in 1884 relocated the road, building a causeway across the mill pond, a new bridge, and additional operative housing on North Main Street and Stevens Street. As the 1913 Andover directory does not list any residents living at the addresses 170 – 184 North Main St., and with a downturn in the market in 1914, we currently give a date of construction circa 1916 for the four duplexes.

In 1896 the Marland Mill operation, now M. T. Stevens & Sons, Co. , employed 200 operatives and manufactured 875,000 lbs. of wool yearly. The company later became known as J. P. Stevens & Co. Inc. after World War II.

In 1953 the J. P. Stevens Co. began to divest itself of all its housing stock in Marland Village which was then subdivided into separate parcels and sold to public residents. Approval of the subdivision plans #2619 and #2020 by the Andover Board of Appeals occurred in Nov. 1952 and plan #3356 in Oct. 1955. Many of the 62 homes were occupied by employees of the mill and it appears as if the Steven’s Co. may have given them “first right of refusal” as many homes were purchased by those who had been renting.

This house was purchased by Harold F. & Ella M. Curtis on October 29, 1956. In 1943 Harold and Ella were renting #172. Harold was an overseer at the Osgood Mill in North Andover, also owned by the J. P. Stevens Co. In #170 was Alexander & Helen Winward. Alex was a mill mechanic. Also living with them were sons, Albert V. & wife Doris E. and Alex Jr. both of them in the US Navy during WWII. Their daughter Ruth E. was a burler at Marland Mill.
Curtis were owner occupied landlords. Harold died on Dec. 29, 1865 and Ella remained. The property was placed in her name and Ruth D. Buco in 1966. They then sold to Sebastian Cormo in Apr. 1972.

Sebastian Cormo sold to William B. & Barbara M. Maren six years later on Jan 9, 1978. The Marens had acquired the commercial property next door on the south side in 1969 and combined the two properties in July 2000 under the name Maren Co. LLC. It is now held as 168 - 172 North Main LLC as of June 4, 2012.


Essex County Registry Deeds, Salem, MA
Essex Northern Registry Deeds, Lawrence, MA
Andover Advertiser AA
Historical Sketches of Andover, S. Bailey 1880
Business History of Andover, 1896 Anniversary Souvenir.
Andover Historical Society files.
Andover Valuation and directories

Peter C. Brooks
Abraham Marland – 1828 - Feb. 20, 1849
Marland Manufacturing Co., Abraham Marland Pres., - 1834 – Feb. 20, 1849
Marland Manufacturing Co., Nathan Frye, Pres. Feb. 1849 - July 19, 1879
Nathan Frye – Dec. 31, 1852 – b. 471 leaf 223 Salem deed – Homestead lot
Nathan Frye – July 30, 1880 – b. 60 p. 540 – Andover Savings Bank mtg. discharge
Moses T. Stevens – Feb. 6, 1882 – b. 67 p. 540 – mtg. deed
Nathaniel Stevens – b. 88 p. 150 mtg. deed assigned
Moses T. Stevens Co. July 19, 1879 – b. 56 p. 482
Nathan Frye Estate, Amanda, Charles H. and William Frye – Oct. 15, 1886 – b. 88 p. 148
Nathaniel Stevens – Oct. 15, 1886 – b. 88 p. 149
M. T. Stevens & Sons Co. – Dec.17, 1912 – b. 325 p. 568
J. P. Stevens & Co. Inc. – after 1946
Harold F. & Ella M. Curtis - Oct. 29, 1956 - b. 844 p. 325
Ella M. Curtis, Heir, Harold died Dec. 29, 1965
Ella M. Curtis & Ruth D. Buco - May 5, 1966 - b. 1059 p. 219
Sebastian Cormo - Apr. 28, 1972 - b. 1192 p. 76
William B. & Barbara M. Maren - Jan 9, 1978 - b. 1329 p. 625 -
Maren Co. LLC, - JUly 24, 2000 - 8558 p. 210 - two parcels #186 & #170-172
168 - 172 North Main LLC - June 4, 2012 - b. 12967 p. 324

Inventory Data:

StreetNorth Main St
PlaceMarland Village
Historic DistrictNot Applicable
Historic NameM. T. Stevens & Co. Mill housing
Present Useresidences - 2 family
Original Useresidence - mill housing
Construction Datecirca 1916
Architectural StyleOther
Architect/BuilderM. T. Sevens Co.
Wall/Trimclapboards/vinyl covered
Major AlterationsVinyl siding and window replacement
Acreage.270 acre
Map and parcel54-7
Recorded byStack/Mofford, James Batchelder
OrganizationAndover Preservation Commission
Date entered1975-77, 8/2014