173 Main Street

Architectural Description: 

NRDIS NRMRA

Federal style

Interesting architectual feature is that no room abuts another - maintaining a cool atmosphere through summer heat and humidity.

A fire in 1916 damaged interior of building. Shutters and glass knobs are original. Fireplaces show marks of Franklin stoves.

Historical Narrative: 

Themes: Architectural, community development, education, religion, social/humanitarian.

In 1833, William Bartlet, benefactor of Andover Theological Seminary, promised $5,000 for a house for Prof. Thomas Skinner who lived here 3 years. The house was constructed in 1833-34. by Bartlet and three years late he transferred ownership to the Trustees of the Academy.
Prof. Park moved in with his bride in 1836 and lived here 64 years. "Heretical meetings which brought about break of Victorians from Congregational Church were held here".

The Rev. Edwards Amasa Park [1808-1900] was one of the most influential religious thinkers and writers of the 19th century. He served as Professor of Sacred Rhetoric at Andover Theological Seminary, 1836-1847 and was Prof. of Christian Theology, 1847-1881 and prof. emeritus to 1900. He was editor of the religious organ, Bibliotheca Sacra.

Upon his death in 1900 his daughter Miss Agnes Park remained as a resident until her death in 1922. The building was then acquired by the school and is used as faculty housing.

A fire in the house on Feb. 5, 1916 caused significant damage to the interior, starting on the second floor and spreading to the attic. Work began emediately to restore the damage and the house was ready for occupancy by July 1916.

Original owner: Andover Theological Seminary
Later owner: Mr. & Mrs. Federick Peterson
Trustees of Phillips Academy

Building marker 1996

Bibliography/References: 

Robbins, Sarah S.; Old Andover Days, Pilgrim Press,1908
Twing, Chas. F.; Guides, Philosophers & Friends: Studies of College Men [N. Y. MacMillian, 1927]
Phillips Academy Library and Archives
Bacon, Edwin; Literary Pilgrimages in New England to Homes of Famous Makers of American Literature - Boston, 1902 Chapter II.
Fenelon, Herbert; Edwards A. Park: Preacher and Pastor [Allen, Morrill & Wardwell, Andover, 1845].
Foster, Frank N.; The Life of Edwards Amas Park, 1936
Woods, Rev. Leonard; Minister of Andover Theological Seminary, 1885
Phillips Academy, Andover Massachusetts, 1990 by Robert A. Domingue

Inventory Data:

StreetMain St
PlacePhillips District - Phillips Academy
Historic DistrictAcademy Hill NRH District
Historic NamePark House - Phillips Academy
Present Usefaculty house
Original Usefaculty house
Construction Date1833 - 1834
SourcePhillips Academy files
Architectural StyleFederal
Foundationstone & granite
Wall/Trimbrick/granite lintels
Roofasphalt - gable
Major Alterationsinterior after fire Feb. 5, 1916 Rear ell and barn razed - 2011
Conditionexcellent
Acreageless than one acre
SettingPhillips Academy, Old Campus
Map and parcel56-7B
MHC NumberANV.1454
Recorded byStack/Mofford, James Batchelder
OrganizationAndover Preservation Commission
Date entered1975-77, 5/15/2015

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