195 Main Street

Architectural Description: 

NRDIS NRMRA

Queen Anne style

Great detailing.

Historical Narrative: 

Themes: Architectural, community development, education.

Original owner: Phillips Academy/Andover Theological Seminary Trustees

This home formerly stood on site of present Peabody Archaeology Museum. Built for Professor John Wesley Churchill and occupied by him until his death in 1900. Churchill was one of a group of seminary professors in 1880's who represented the new liberalism [along with Egbert Smyth, Wm. J. Tucker, George Harris and Eward Hincks]. They were accused and tried on charges of heresy from conservative element at Andover Theological Seminary. The dispute over religious orthodoxy became a cause celebre and focused wide attention in Andover.

Professor J. Winthrop Platner, a later resident.

July 22, 1881 AA - Friday A. M. Ellis, building mover of Malden, is engaged in removing the “Farrar house to Phillips Street.

Nov. 25, 1881 AA - Prof. J. W. Churchill’s new house on the “Hill” is going forward. Builders, Abbott & Jenkins.

Andover Advertiser, Aug. 25, 1882 pg.3 col . "Professor Churchill's new residence is progressing rapidly & will probably be ready for occupancy in October."

July 19, 1901 - Andover Townsman AT - Churchill House about to be moved.

Aug. 23, 1901 AT pg. 1 – Moving Churchill house - In moving the Churchill house to its new site it is being taken across the Academy land near the Bancroft dormitory. It was rather interesting to watch the minute exactness by which the building with its projections was made to shave by the dormitory with only the displacement of a few shingles on an overhanging porch. Had it not been for the fact that the authorities desired to preserve a certain tree, all this calculation and circuitous moving would have been avoided.

Building marker 1996

Bibliography/References: 

Fuess, Claude. Andover: Symbol of New England, 1959
Carpenter, Charles C. Seminary Sites, Andover, 1907
Rowe, Henry K. History of Andover Theological Seminary, Boston: Thos. Todd, 1933.
Andover Advertiser
Andover Townsman

Inventory Data:

StreetMain St
PlacePhillips District
Historic DistrictAcademy Hill NRH District
Historic NameChurchill House - Andover Theological Seminary
Present Usefaculty residence
Original Usefaculty residence
Construction Date1882
SourceERDS, ENRDL, AHS file, njs, style
Architectural StyleQueen Anne
Architect/BuilderAbbott & Jenkins, builders
Foundationstone & granite
Wall/Trimclapboards and shingles
Roofasphalt - gable
Conditionexcellent
Moved?Yes
Move DetailsAugust 1901
SettingResidential/Educational
Map and parcel57-55
MHC NumberANV.359
Recorded byStack/Mofford, James Batchelder
OrganizationAndover Preservation Commission
Date entered1975-77, 3/22/2015

Images: 

Map: