2 Railroad St

Architectural Description: 

Greek Revival House

Historical Narrative: 

2 Railroad Street – Gate Keepers House
#10 Railroad Avenue issued a National Register of Historic Places certificate is on file in book.

The current business block at 2-8 Railroad St. was constructed in 1964. Before this commercial building was constructed a small one and a half story Greek Revival Gate Keeper's house stood on this corner of Essex St. and Railroad St. The Boston & Maine Railroad acquired the home, sited on a diagonal, facing the rail road crossing and the train station depot which was on the east side of the tracks. The gate keepers duties were to close and open the gates, done manually, with each scheduled train. A telegraph operator in the depot would signal the gatekeeper when a train was arriving. A signal pole and flags can still be seen on the former 1906 train station at 100 School St.

Railroad Street, sometimes called Railroad Ave., was constructed in 1846-1848 by the Boston and Maine Railroad Company. The tracks were relocated to the current location to service the new City of Lawrence in 1847. The former track location was part of the Andover - Wilmington Railroad located behind the Memorial Hall Library. A portion of High Street from Harding St to Route 114 in North Andover is a section of the old rail bed.
In the 1850 census Hazen K. Carleton age 29 is listed as the Depot Master.
b. 1829 in MA, his wife is Mary J. also 29. They have two children George H. age 7 and Freddie J. 6 mos. His mother Betsy Carlton age 52 lives with he son and is a shoe binder. Hazen's sister Julia A. age 26 is a dress maker. 1852 Andover map lists K. Carlton at this location. In 1872 a D. Eames is listed in the house. By 1884 the B&M Railroad is listed as owner of the property.

B&M RR built a freight building at #15 Railroad which included a spur track that run through the building and reconnected to the main line. The street ran on out to the former Essex Turnpike now North Main St. Essex Street is a ancient way in Andover and served as a connection route to West Andover, north to New Hampshire and west to Chelmsford long before the Turnpike was built about 1806-1810.

A small gatekeepers Hut was located on the east side of the crossing near the building now housing Depot Pizza. It remained in use until the crossing was automated in the early 1960s. The B&M RR no longer needed the property and it was sold. The town reconstructed the corner to widen the road and create better sight lines for traffic. The former Gate Keepers House was picked up and moved to #10 Railroad St. It sat in the new location for about 10 years before it was sold to Donald I. Richmond and moved to 66 Burnham Road in 1972.

The Richdale Convenience Store now occupies the site at #10 Railroad St.

Bibliography/References: 

Essex County Registry Deeds, Salem, MA
Essex Northern Registry Deeds, Lawrence, MA
Andover Townsman - 1964
Main Street Evolution 2014 - Gail Rawlson
Andover Historical Society - Railroad files
See plans #6605 - Oct. 1963 - b. 1193 p. 70 parcel "E"
#4376 - parcel #1 and parcel #2

Owners;
Boston & Maine Railroad - 1840s-1961
George B. Westhaver Trust - Oct. 17, 1961 - b. 946 p. 213 - two parcels
Look Realty Corporation - Jan. 11, 1978 - b. 1329 p. 728
Eric Byonghak An & Kyung S. An - Nov. 3, 1999 - b. 5625 p. 30

Inventory Data:

StreetRailroad St
PlaceAbbott Village
Historic DistrictAndover Village Industrial NRH District
Historic NameGate Keeper's House - B&M Railroad
Present Useresidence
Original Useresidence - Railroad employee
Construction Datecirca 1848
SourceERDS, ENRDL
Architectural StyleGreek Revival
Foundationstone & granite
Wall/Trimclapboard/wood
Roofasphalt
Outbuildings / Secondary Structuresell off east side, shed to rear
Major AlterationsMoved in 1972, ell razed
Conditionexcellent
Moved?Yes
Move Details1972 to 66 Burnham Rd
Settingresidential/commerical
Map and parcel55-57
Recorded byJames S. Batchelder
OrganizationAndover Preservation Commission
Date entered1975-77, Dec. 20, 2014

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