51 Red Spring Road

Architectural Description: 

bracketted Picturesque. Fantastic interior.

Interior includes a graceful spiral staircase and very high style Greek Revival door and windows trim in stair hall and left front room. Doors also have some decorative painted graining.

Historical Narrative: 

Themes - Architectural and Community Development.

Deacon Paschal Abbot House, circa 1820-23

The two houses at 51 & 53 Red Spring Road were built about 1820 by brothers, Abel & Paschal Abbot of Andover. The brothers were partners in cotton manufacturing and began operations in the North Parish of Andover in 1812. Abraham Marland, also a cotton manufacturer in the South Parish since 1807, bought a third interest in the Abbot Mill in 1813. The Abbots sold their mill in 1814 and moved the operation to (what would become known as Abbot Village) the South Parish. The Shawsheen River was a swifter and more reliable water source making it more suitable for manufacture by waterpower. They built their wooden mill on the west side of the river where it remains to this day. Abiel Russell was the first foreman of the mill and lived on Cuba Street. He was also the brother-in-law to Abel and Paschal, his wife Sarah Abbot being their sister.

Abel & Paschal parents were Nathan Abbot Jr. and Sarah Ballard, and two of thirteen children. All were part of the prolific Abbot family of Andover and direct descendants of George & Hannah Abbot and their son Benjamin and Sarah Abbot who built the homestead at 9 Andover Street.

Paschal Abbot was born July 23, 1788, married October 11, 1810 to his first cousin Mary Foster Abbot who was the sister of Abel’s wife Sara and daughter of Job & Anna Abbot. Paschal’s wife Mary F. died of consumption on October 27, 1828 age 37. They had one daughter; Mary b. June 21, 1814.
Paschal married a second time to Hannah Foster of Greenfield, NH, intention recorded on May 21, 1829. This union produced six children; Hannah Lucretia - b. September 27, 1830, Paschal G. - b. Jan. 20, 1833 - d. Sept. 7, 1934, Isaac Foster - b. April 25, 1834 Dexter, ME d. 1880 Dexter, ME., Paschal G. - b. April 25, 1836 - d. Nov. 20, 1836, Milton L. - b. Oct. 21, 1837 Paschal Job - b. Sept. 22, 1836

Paschal joined the South Church on June 6, 1823 and became a Deacon in 1827-1845. Hannah joined shortly after their marriage on July 5, 1829. Both would become very active members in the church. Hannah had attended Bradford Academy, was a teacher in Andover and established a very successful Sabbath School. Paschal was “a radical abolitionists and Thompson, Garrison and other anti-slavery agitators were often his guests, as well as an occasional colored man on his way from slavery at the South to Canada.”

It has been stated that they often entertained students from the Phillips & the Theological Academies. After the business failed in 1842 due to a down turn in the economy Paschal and Hannah removed from Andover and the church on September 22, 1845 to the First Church, Norwich, Conn. A short time later they moved to Dexter, Maine where they lived out their remaining years. Paschal died in March 1859 and Hannah in 1883. Both were buried in the Dexter, Maine cemetery. Three other Abbot brothers, Jeremiah, Amos & Joshua had established a successful mill in Dexter in 1820.

The investors took the mill properties and then sold to Smith & Dove Manufacturing Co. in 1843.
The two brother’s homesteads and farm containing 73 acres with three houses and barns at #51– #53– #55 Red Spring Rd. was purchased by Abel & Paschal’s brother, also a creditor, Job Abbot in April 1843. Most of their 73 acre farm property is now the campus of Andover High School.

Captain Job Abbot & Lucy Chandler Abbot 1842 – 1847 #51, #53 & #55 Red Spring Rd
Job Abbot was the second son of Nathan & Sarah Ballard Abbot and older brother to Abel and Paschal. Job born in Andover on August 7, 1782 and married Lucy Chandler of Concord, N.H. int. recorded October 9, 1807. The couple joined the South Church on November 6, 1831.
He was a man of considerable enterprise and wealth and from all documentation had a strong loyalty to his family. He gives his profession as Gentleman. He was Captain of the Andover Militia

Amos Abbot 2nd (aka Amos C. Abbot) 1847 – 1869 #51, #53 & #55 Red Spring Rd
Job sold the homestead to his son Amos Abbot 2nd in July 1847 for $100. Essentially a wedding gift, Amos lived at #51 with his new bride Lydia H. Blanchard age 18, daughter of Abel and Elizabeth Blanchard of Andover. The property was divided up at this time and the two houses at #53 & #55 were separated from the original farm and were reserved for Abel & Mary Abbot for the remainder of their lives. Amos would later be gifted the other property in 1856.
Amos was a farmer and held the 72 acre farm until Feb. 1869 when he sold to John & Phebe Chandler. Amos and family then settled in Kansas.

John & Phebe R. Chandler - 1869–1885 - #51, #53 & #55 Red Spring Rd.
John Chandler buys from Amos C. Abbot on Feb. 23, 1869 for $6500 the two parcels of land. The first contained 2 acres across the street and down to the Shawsheen River and the second parcel contained 75 acres, with buildings north of the road being Amos Abbot’s Homestead farm. The land contained the three houses at # 51, #53, & #55 and a barn. John Chandler was born on December 12, 1812 in Andover and married April 11, 1839 to Phebe Russell b. Aug. 28, 1818, daughter of Joel Russell and Sally Curtis. John and Phebe had four children;
John Henry b. Feb. 15, 1840, George Warren b. June 5, 1842, Ann Elizabeth b. 1844, bapt. September 28, 1845, and Emma baptized May 6, 1849.
The Chandler’s occupied the house at #51. John was originally a farmer but began a wood and coal business in 1870 on Main Street. At age 70 in 1882 he sold his business to his son George. Chandler rented out the other two houses #53 & #55 on the second parcel of property selling them to David Bruce in 1888.

Peter D. Smith 1891–1922 - #51 Red Spring Road
Peter Dove Smith purchased the house and 72 acres of land west of the road from John Chandler in April of 1891. Peter D. Smith was the son of Peter Smith, co-founder of the Smith & Dove Manufacturing Co. of Andover, Mass. After his father died in 1880 he became President of the company. The Smith Family were the wealthiest residents in Andover and owned several estates in town. The house at #51 was bought as an investment property. The house was transformed from its original ell shape Greek Revival style to a more grand Italianate look with deeper bracketed eaves and a new addition to the main house on the left. A beautiful spiral staircase in the front entry replaced the former steep square box style.

The home was converted to a two family residence during Smith ownership. The house was then rented to employees of the Smith & Dove Co. The Townsman reported in 1891 that at the end of May the house would be occupied by William Angus and William Greig. Through the years that followed from 1897 to about 1920, two families called this home; James & Helen Poland and James & Mary Stewart. Poland, a flax dresser, and Stewart both worked for Smith & Dove.

James Poland (Pollen) b. May 29, 1845 Arbroath, Scotland son of Felix & Susan (Haggen) “Pollon” Poland. James married in Arbroath, Scotland on Dec. 31, 1873 to Helen Stirling b. May 15, 1852 Arbroath, dau. of Peter & Sarah Haggon. There nine children were all born in Scotland. Jessie b. Feb. 1872, James b. 5/20/1874, Helen “Nellie” b. 3/17/1876, Margaret b. 5/8/1878, John b. 2/4/1881, Frank Jamison b. 6/4/1884, William b. 8/13/1887, Alexina Jean b. 7/7/1889, Catherine “Kit” b. 9/15/1891.
James first came to Andover in 1887-1889, then returned to Scotland and brought his family to Andover in 1893. They left Glasgow on June 21,1893 and arrived in Boston on July 5th on the S.S. Nestorian. The immigration states they are going to Andover to their daughter Jessie and his sister-in-law and brother in law’s home. They rented at 51 Red Spring Rd. later moved to 68 Whittier St. James was a flax dresser for 30 years Smith & Dove Co. died Mar. 4, 1931 age 85. Wife Helen died on Jan. 28, 1924 age72. They were members of the Free Christian Church. Several of their children also work at the mill and others with the Tyer Rubber Co.

The John Hackney family later moved into one of the apartments. Their sons were all connected with golfing clubs and played the pro circuit. After Peter D. Smith’s death in 1910, wife Abby retained the house until her death in 1921.

The William Clark Family - 1922 – 1945
William was employed for many years as a teamster for the Smith & Dove Co., then as a stationary fireman. Later he went to work for Phillips Academy also as a fireman. William’s first wife Helen died on October 7, 1917. William remarried to Wilhelmina Bateson, a housewife and widow.

James & Eliza Bateson Family - 1945 – 1959
James Bateson was born in Belfast, Ireland in 1905 and his wife Eliza Jane Smith was born in Arbroath, Scotland in 1905. They were married on September 3, 1927 by Rev. Wilson of the Free Church. Jim was a member of South Church for 60 years. He was a machinist, truck drive and chauffeur and worked for the Marland Mills Company, later the J. P. Stevens Co. where Eliza worked as a mender. The couple lived in the house for twenty years, first as tenants of Jim’s mother and step-father and then owners. They had two children, a son James Bateson Jr. b. 1928 and Eleanor b. 1932.

Lorraine R. Johnson - Mar. 6, 1959 - 1981
Michael B. & E. Cecilia Arthur - Jan 16, 1981
Peter & Jennifer Arthur - Aug. 3, 2000
Jennifer Arthur - Feb. 4, 2006
Scott & Kristina Parrish - Dec. 28, 2006


Essex County Registry Deeds, Salem, MA
Essex Northern Registry Deeds, Lawrence, MA
Dorman, Moses: Map of Andover, 1830.
Andover Historical Society files - Charlotte Helen Abbott on Abbott Village
Bailey, Sarah Loring: Historical Sketches of Andover, 1880.
Andover Advertiser AA
Andover Townsman AT

Able & Paschal Abbott - Apr. 5, 1822 - b. 232 p.5 - Indenture Trust Stephen Abbot.
Job Abbot - Apr.13, 1843 - b. 332 p 196
Amos Abbot, 2nd (aka Amos C. Abbot) Jan.10, 1856 - b. 525 p.145
John & Phebe Chandler - Feb. 23, 1869 - b. 769 p.137 - Salem deeds
Peter Dove Smith - May 18, 1891 - b. 113 p. 18
Abbie C. Smith - Jan 16, 1911 by probate will of Peter D.
Esther W. Smith, Eliz. M. Clark, Mary S. Churchill, heirs - Aug. 2, 1921 - probate will of Abbie Smith
Wm. M. & Wilhelmina Clark - Dec. 2, 1922 - b. 471 p. 581
James & Eliza Bateson - Sept. 22, 1945 - b. 676 p. 523
R. Lorraine Johnson - Mar. 6, 1959 - b. 889 p. 453
Michael B. & E. Cecilia Arthur - Jan 16, 1981 - b. 1481 p. 329
Peter & Jennifer Arthur - Aug. 3, 2000 - b. 5826 p. 8
Jennifer Arthur - Feb. 2006
Scott & Kristina Parrish - Dec. 28, 2006 - b. 10569 p. 278

Inventory Data:

StreetRed Spring Rd
PlaceAbbott Village
Historic DistrictAndover Village Industrial NRH District
Historic NameDeacon Paschal Abbott House
Present Useresidence - 2 family
Original Useresidence
Construction Date1820-1823
Architectural StyleOther
Architect/BuilderAbel & Paschal Abbot
Outbuildings / Secondary Structureslarge clapboard barn
Major Alterationsaltered - left half of house later addition coop razed 1967
Demolition Detailsrazed tractor shed
Acreage1.31 acres, 122' frontage
Map and parcel72-36
Recorded byStack/Mofford, James Batchelder
OrganizationAndover Preservation Commission
Date entered1975-77, 5/2014