6 Essex Street

Architectural Description: 

Unusual step pyramid spire roof, decorative touches typical of Chickering's style.
Multi pane geometric windows,
Interior has had some alterations but still has upper galleries.

Historical Narrative: 

Themes - Architectural, Commerce, Community development, religion, and Social/humanitarian.

The Baptists were the first denomination in Andover to assert their rights of freedom of conscience and worship, when during the ministry of South Parish's first parson, a citizen tried to secure tax exemption to attend a Baptist meeting nearby. Although he was refused permission, it was through the persistence of the Baptists that freedom of worship was won and the Bill of Rights eventually amended. The Andover Baptists were organized at the home of Orlando Lovejoy (376 Main St.) on Sept. 21, 1832, and 30 members began meeting the next week in Masonic Hall.

On Sept. 13, 1833 Benjamin Abbot Jr., Jeremiah Goldsmith and Stephen Lovejoy purchased the lot of land on the corner of Essex St. for $1000 from Hon. Samuel Merrill. In February 1834 Stephen Lovejoy released his interest in the property with the brick meeting house. The deed was then transferred over to the First Baptist Society in Andover. The present church was dedicated on Aug. 28, 1834 and is now the second oldest original church edifice in Andover.
Rev. James Huckins served as first pastor, 1834-1835. The denomination was not strong and was served by ministers intermittently. The dominance of Andover Theological Seminary's Congregationalism was perhaps too powerful and may have influenced the slower growth of the Baptist parishioners.

When the church was constructed, the ground floor basement rooms with cellars were had been rented out to business firms. Deeds to Nathan Shattuck, Benjamin Abbot Jr. and Jeremiah Goldsmith for $2200. Goldsmith purchased the use of 1/3 north end store for $744. He would later sell to Stephen D. Abbott on April 13, 1850 but James P. Burnham occupied the store and his lease would not expire until Jan. 1, 1851. Abbott held for 15 years then transferred to Hannah Harding on July 27, 1865.

Most notably the longest tenant was T. A. Holt & Co., pioneer grocery firm of Andover, founded 1838 by Solomon Higgins and Thompson Abbott. It was succeeded on Sept. 1859 by J. Thompson Abbot and T. Augustus Holt. Not until 1924 did the Baptist Church congregation vote to use their entire building for church purposes and at that time renovations were made on the edifice. The porch foundation was relaid and the steeple repaired. Improvements had also been made in 1892, adding electricity and installing the pipe organ. The church was again renovated in 1963.

Jacob Chickering, who lived down the street, was master carpenter and builder and won the bid to build the Baptist Parsonage also on Essex Street.

Some former tenants in the basement stores;
Andover Advertiser (AA)
Nov. 3, 1835 - Nathan Shattuck, Benjamin Abbot Jr., and Jeremiah Goldsmith b. 287 leaf 64 - $2200
Dec. 10, 1835 - Jeremiah Goldsmith - b. 294 leaf 18 - 1/3 basement norther end - $744
Apr. 13, 1850 - Stephen D. Abbot - b. 428 leaf 34 - 1/3 basement norther end $1400
July 27, 1865 - Hannah Harding - b. 688 leaf 7 - 1/3 basement norther end $1400
Feb. 19, 1853 AA - Daniel Logue –Tailor – Under the Baptist Church
May 28, 1853 AA – The Clothing Store of Daniel Logue under the Baptist Church was broken into on the night of the 23rd inst. and goods to the amount of about $1500 taken – chiefly ready made garments
Aug. 4, 1855 AA – William Barnett – Plumber – Tin plate, sheet iron and copper – rear of the Baptist Church
June 14, 1856 AA – William Corse just opened a store under the Baptist Church. – Gentlemen’s Boots, shoes, & Gaiters – Ladies’ cloth gaiters, French shoes, slippers, all kinds of repairing done.
March 28, 1857 AA - William Corse – Boots, Shoes and Rubbers – basement of the Baptist Meetinghouse.
July 18, 1857 AA – The Tract Depository has been located at Mr. John Harding’s store under the Baptist Church. The stock consists mainly of the Tracts and books of the Tract Society, which will be sold at cost, as at the Boston Depository. There is a small assortment of Bibles & Testaments.
June 25, 1859 AA- William Barnett – Plumber, tin plate, sheet iron, copper, stoves, stove funnel, tin. Japanned, glass & Britannia ware – rear of Baptist Church.8/16/58
Sept. 10, 1859 AA – New firm – On Monday morning the old sign of Higgins & Abbot, which for so long hung over their well known place of business, was removed and a new one indicating the new firm of Abbot & Holt took its place. The long continued illness of Mr. Higgins has compelled him to give up his active business, and Mr. Holt, who has been well known as clerk in the establishment, has associated with Mr. Abbot in the business. We hope that the liberal patronage and eminent success of the old firm will be continued by its successor.
Sept. 3, 1859 AA – Co-partnership of Higgins & Abbot dissolved – new partnership of Abbot & Holt - Jos. T. Abbot & T. A. Holt ( Sept. 1)
Feb. 8, 1862 AA - William Barnett – plumber – rear of Baptist Church
(Oct. 26, 1861) - M. A. Wilson – Watchmaker & Jeweler – in Mr. Corse’s Shoe Store -
Feb. 13, 1864 AA - William Barnett – Magee Parlor Stoves – Old Railroad Depot – [9 Essex St.]
Aug. 13, 1869 AA – E. R. Farnsworth & Co. bought out the stock of John Harding under the Baptist Church.


Essex County Registry Deeds, Salem, MA
Andover Historical Society files
Bailey, Sarah Loring, Historical Sketches of Andover., Boston:Houghton Mifflin, 1880
"Andover Baptist Church to Observe 100th Anniversary of It's Founding"- Lawrence Tribune, Oct. 8, 1932
Business History of Andover, Anniversary Souvenir Number of the Andover Townsman, 250th Anniversary Souvenir..1896, p. 29 - T.A. Holt & Co.

Hon. Samuel Merrill - lot of land
Benjamin Abbot Jr., Jeremiah Goldsmith,Stephen Lovejoy - Sept. 13, 1833 - b. 273 leaf 77 - $1000 lot
Benjamin Abbot Jr., Jeremiah Goldsmith - Feb. 16, 1834 - b. 281 leaf 25 - w/ brick meeting house - release
The First Baptist Society in Andover - Feb. 16, 1834

Inventory Data:

StreetEssex St
PlaceAndover Center
Historic DistrictCentral Street NRH District
Historic NameAndover Baptist Church
Present Usechurch
Original Usechurch and store - rentals
Construction Date1834-1836
SourceAHS files
Architectural StyleGreek Revival
Architect/BuilderJacob Chickering builder
Foundationstone, granite and brick
Wall/Trimbrick, wood trim
Major AlterationsBasement store changed into Vestry at $5,000. 1924;1963
Acreageless than one acre, 11,167 sq. ft.
Map and parcel55-50
MHC NumberANV.187
Recorded byStack/Mofford, James Batchelder
OrganizationAndover Preservation Commission
Date entered1975-77, updated 3/2014