66 Burnham Road

Architectural Description: 

This home is Greek Revival period
Other features: door and doorway surround good late Greek, gable roof
The wide banding under the eaves and wide corner boards suggest engaged pillars of Greek temples

Historical Narrative: 

Themes: Architectural, Community development

Historical significance:
Burnham Road was once called Alms Street because the road ran past the Almshouse or poor house. The Almshouse still stands on the corner of Arundel St. and Burnham Road. The street name changed about 1899, when George L. Burnham, superintendent of the Almshouse, lived there.

This house originally stood on the corner of Essex Street & Railroad Street at #2 and was the home for the Boston & Maine gate keeper. The house sat on a diagonal facing the railroad station. The gate keeper would cross the intersection and lower the gates by hand. A small shed like enclosure on the east side of the tracks next to the Depot Pizza building today, was used by the gatekeeper when on duty. The manual operation of the gates were replaced with automatic signal in the early 1960s.

The original Andover - Wilmington railroad was first constructed in 1837 farther east up Essex St. and was later purchased by the Boston & Maine RR about 1847. The tracks were relocated to the current site to service the new city of Lawrence, MA in 1848. The gatekeeper's house at this location was probably built during this period as Railroad Street was built by the Boston & Maine Co. to service their freight building at #15.

Railroad St. at this intersection was narrow and the house blocked the view of traffic on Essex St. coming up the hill toward the town center. The house was moved back to 10 Railroad Street in the early 1960's to straighten the street intersection and widen the road.

The house was later moved again to 66 Burnham Road in the early 1970's by Donald I. Richmond who purchased the building. The former site was then used to construct the market/convenience store. (JB, Nov 2006)

Bibliography/References: 

Essex County Registry Deeds, Salem, MA
Essex Northern Registry Deeds, Lawrence, MA
Goldsmith, Bessie, "Townswoman's Andover", 1964, pg. 94
Andover Townsman
Directories, 1895, 1891

Owners;
Andover Shawsheen Realty Company
F.M. & T. E. Andrew Realty Trust, - Dec. 31, 1962 - b. 976 p. 462 - land 1.33 acres
Donald I. & Barbara L. Richmond - Jan. 6, 1966 - b. 1052 p. 251 - land 1.33 acres
Maurice & Jane Pelisser - Jan. 4, 1974 - b. 1234 p. 238 - house and lot
Randolph W. & Gayle Lehman-Becker - Aug. 17, 1979 - b. 1384 - p. 316
Paul P. & Margaret P. Cronin - Aug. 1, 1980 - b. 1445 p. 181
Carl W. Berger & Howard M. Berger - May 22, 1984 - b. 1813 p. 223
Paul T. & Janice Meagher - Aug. 28, 1984 - b. 1859 p. 208
Janice [Meagher] Baldwin - Jan. 28, 2000 - b. 5672 p. 36
Steven F. & Alison R. Fecht - Aug. 10, 2007 - b. 10872 p. 265

Inventory Data:

StreetBurnham Rd
PlaceShawsheen Village
Historic DistrictNot Applicable
Historic NameBoston & Maine Railroad Gate Keeper's House
Present Useresidence
Original Useresidence - Railroad employee
Construction Date1845-1848
SourceERDS, ENRDL
Architectural StyleGreek Revival
Architect/BuilderBoston & Maine Railroad Co.
Foundationconcrete
Wall/Trimclapboard
Roofasphalt
Major AlterationsMoved to this location chimney stack removed, dormers added
Conditionexcellent
Moved?Yes
Move DetailsMoved about 1966 from 10 Railroad St
Acreage0.447 acre; lot size: 19,470 sq. ft.; approx. frontage: 115'
Settingresidential
Map and parcel19-1C
MHC NumberANV.88
Recorded byStack/Mofford, James Batchelder
OrganizationAndover Preservation Commission
Date entered1975-1977, Dec. 2014

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