Style Georgian - Federal
Other features: rear part of house may be original
Present owner: Phillips Academy
Original owner: Captain Towne
Subsequent uses: dormitory for Phillips Academy students (1810 - ) now Shuman Admission Center
Themes: Architectural, Community development, Education
Historical significance: Tradition maintains that this house is on site of oldest building on Andover Hill. Deed of 1801 shows purchase of building by Phillips Academy trustees. Captain Towne lived in an old house here and trustees made extensive alterations and added wing. In 1806, they offered it rent-free to Eliphalet Pearson, inducing him to return to Andover to help found the Andover Theological Seminary. Pearson had been first principal of Phillips Academy, 1778 - 1786; went to Harvard College, 1786 as Professor of Hebrew, resigning that post in 1806 to return to Andover. He lived here until 180_?, serving one year in the new seminary as Associate Professor of Sacred Literature.
Principal of Phillips Academy, John Adams lived here 1810 - 1833. He had 10 children of his own and boarded six or more students here as well. Sarah Stuart Robbins writes in detail about the Adams family during their residence here.
Warren F. Draper, printer/publisher and benefactor of the Academy and Abbot Academy, lived here and boarded students, until he moved to his house on School Street about 1868 (?). Teachers and trustees also lived here at the same time, such as George Cooke Merrill, 1865 - 1869; Hon. Alpheus Hardy, President of Board of Trustees, 1858 - 1887.
William Goldsmith lived here 1870 - 1871 when he was Peabody Instructor at Phillips Academy. Professor William Blair Graves, 1881 - 1915; Frederick Newton, 1915 until his retirement, followed by the Bentons, all faculty members.
In 1881, the older section was entirely removed and demolished and was replaced by a new ell, added to the annex, so that no part now dates back to before 1804. The house contains interesting old wood-work.
Andover Historical Society files.
Andover Townsman, Dec 11, 1936
Fuess, Claude; "An Old New England School", History of Phillips Academy, Andover, Houghton Mifflin
Goldsmith, Bessie; "Historical Houses of Andover", Mass. 1946
Paradise, Scott; "Some old Houses and Historic Sites", 1934
Phillips Academy Bulletin: "Old Houses of Andover" - July 1915
Robins, Sarah Stuart; "Old Andover Days: Memories of a Puritan Childhood" 1908
Deed of Sale from Captain Towne to Phillips Academy Trustees, 1801
|Historic District||Academy Hill NRH District|
|Historic Name||Hardy - Adams House - Phillips Academy|
|Present Use||Admissions Office - Phillips Academy|
|Major Alterations||"rebuilt" and added annex (1804); "new" ell (1881)|
|Acreage||less than one acre; approximate frontage: 98'|
|Map and parcel||41-4|
|Organization||Andover Historical Commission|
|Date entered||1975 - 1977|