7 Salem Street

Architectural Description: 

NRDIS NRMRA

Style Georgian - Federal

Other features: rear part of house may be original

Historical Narrative: 

Present owner: Phillips Academy

Original owner: Captain Towne

Subsequent uses: dormitory for Phillips Academy students (1810 - ) now Shuman Admission Center

Themes: Architectural, Community development, Education

Historical significance: Tradition maintains that this house is on site of oldest building on Andover Hill. Deed of 1801 shows purchase of building by Phillips Academy trustees. Captain Towne lived in an old house here and trustees made extensive alterations and added wing. In 1806, they offered it rent-free to Eliphalet Pearson, inducing him to return to Andover to help found the Andover Theological Seminary. Pearson had been first principal of Phillips Academy, 1778 - 1786; went to Harvard College, 1786 as Professor of Hebrew, resigning that post in 1806 to return to Andover. He lived here until 180_?, serving one year in the new seminary as Associate Professor of Sacred Literature.

Principal of Phillips Academy, John Adams lived here 1810 - 1833. He had 10 children of his own and boarded six or more students here as well. Sarah Stuart Robbins writes in detail about the Adams family during their residence here.

Warren F. Draper, printer/publisher and benefactor of the Academy and Abbot Academy, lived here and boarded students, until he moved to his house on School Street about 1868 (?). Teachers and trustees also lived here at the same time, such as George Cooke Merrill, 1865 - 1869; Hon. Alpheus Hardy, President of Board of Trustees, 1858 - 1887.

William Goldsmith lived here 1870 - 1871 when he was Peabody Instructor at Phillips Academy. Professor William Blair Graves, 1881 - 1915; Frederick Newton, 1915 until his retirement, followed by the Bentons, all faculty members.

In 1881, the older section was entirely removed and demolished and was replaced by a new ell, added to the annex, so that no part now dates back to before 1804. The house contains interesting old wood-work.

Bibliography/References: 

Andover Historical Society files.
Andover Townsman, Dec 11, 1936
Fuess, Claude; "An Old New England School", History of Phillips Academy, Andover, Houghton Mifflin
Goldsmith, Bessie; "Historical Houses of Andover", Mass. 1946
Paradise, Scott; "Some old Houses and Historic Sites", 1934
Phillips Academy Bulletin: "Old Houses of Andover" - July 1915
Robins, Sarah Stuart; "Old Andover Days: Memories of a Puritan Childhood" 1908
Deed of Sale from Captain Towne to Phillips Academy Trustees, 1801

Inventory Data:

StreetSalem St
PlacePhillips District
Historic DistrictAcademy Hill NRH District
Historic NameHardy - Adams House - Phillips Academy
Present UseAdmissions Office - Phillips Academy
Original Useresidence
Construction Date1804
SourceB. Goldsmith
Architectural StyleOther
Wall/Trimclapboards
Major Alterations"rebuilt" and added annex (1804); "new" ell (1881)
Move Detailsno
Acreageless than one acre; approximate frontage: 98'
Map and parcel41-4
Recorded byStack/Mofford
OrganizationAndover Historical Commission
Date entered1975 - 1977

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